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Aktuelles

Das Internet hat verloren   Am 12. September 2018 - 15:01 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Heute hat das Europäische Parlament seine zweite Abstimmung über das Urheberrecht im digitalen Binnenmarkt abgehalten. Dabei ist das denkbar schlechteste Ergebnis herausgekommen. Änderungsanträge, Artikel 11 insgesamt zu streichen oder in eine Vermutungsregel umzuwandeln, wurden mit großer Mehrheit abgelehnt. Stattdessen wurde der jüngste Vorschlag von MdEP Axel Voss (EVP, Deutschland) für ein Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger angenommen. Gleiches gilt für seinen Vorschlag zur Einführung von Upload-Filtern in der EU. Weiter

Voss still ignores criticism and does not move an inch   Am 10. September 2018 - 20:13 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Although summer break has just ended, the next important vote at EU level is already coming up. Members of the European Parliament must agree on a common position on the proposed copyright reform. A key role here is played by MEP Axel Voss (EPP, Germany), rapporteur on the JURI Committee, who despite all criticism is unwilling to back away from his proposal.

Background

At the end of June 2018, the Legal Affairs Committee of the European Parliament (JURI) had approved the amendments proposed by Axel Voss on the European Commission's proposal for an ancillary copyright for press publishers by a narrow majority. He was also given the mandate to negotiate the copyright reform with the Commission and the European Council. But just two weeks later, the plenary of the European Parliament rejected his amendments altogether and withdrew the mandate.

As a consequence, all 751 MEPs were given the opportunity to table their own amendments to the proposed copyright directive. The deadline had ended on 5 September at 2 p.m. (CEST). The final vote will take place during the plenary session on 12 September.

Unclear wording, no gain of knowledge

In the past, Axel Voss had revised his amendment to the ancillary copyright for press publishers in Article 11 of the Commission's proposal several times before having it finally voted on in the JURI Committee. Now he suggests another change that could not have been more minimal.

In his original amendment as it was adopted by the JURI Committee, it is stated that an ancillary copyright for press publishers should not extend to hyperlinks. However, such a wording is far too vague as it is not clear whether it only covers the "naked" link or also a small ecerpt taken from the linked article to describe where the link leads to.

The new proposal now seeks to explicitly exclude "mere hyperlinks accompanied by individual words" from the scope of the ancillary copyright. Such wording will not bring any clarity. How many are "individual words"? Does it include whole (short) sentences? If not, which scenario did Voss have in mind when individual and independent keywords are not covered by the ancillary copyright law from the outset? Or does the wording imply that even a single word taken from the press article is covered by this new right? Although this is unlikely, a precise answer cannot be given: It is absolutely unclear what this change is supposed to achieve.

History is about to repeat itself

Nevertheless, Voss receives support from MEP Jean-Marie Cavada (ALDE, France). The shadow rapporteur additionally proposes that the new ancillary copyright "shall not apply to uses of insubstantial parts of a press publication, including individual words or very short excerpts." An almost identical exception has been made to the German ancillary copyright for press publishers. But even fice years later, nobody can say with legal certainty what this actually means. There has since been an enormous amount of costly litigation over the correct interpretation with no end in sight. Regardless of the outcome, millions of euros will have been spent for legal proceedings by then in Germany alone. This money could have been invested in much better projects than this "unrealistic nonsense law".

Criticism goes in one ear and out the other

It is incomprehensible why Voss and his fellows strive for a repeat of this debacle and resist the broad criticism so stubbornly. They just seem to not care when Voss's EPP colleague and chairman of the JURI Committee Pavel Svoboda (EPP, Czech Republic) slashed the ancillary copyright for press publishers. They also seem to ignore the open letter addressed directly to Voss and signed by over 100 MEPs from all political groups, the open letters from 25 research institutes and from more than 200 copyright experts from across the EU or the various scientific studies that have already been conducted (like the study carried out on behalf of the JURI Committee).

They all warn against the introduction of an ancillary copyright for press publishers. No matter in what form it comes, it will not eliminate the existing problems but further deepen them to the detriment of consumers, innovative companies and small publishers. There is not a single research study that comes to a different result. But the lack of substantive arguments does not seem to upset the advocates of the ancillary copyright. They shut their eyes and ears and just keep going.

Compromise already on the table

Their behaviour is not understandable especially when a reasonable counterproposal exists that was fortunately introduced by the Greens/EFA and thus will be put to vote. Instead of an ancillary copyright, the press publishers should benefit from a legal presumption. This would eliminate their problems in enforcing the rights assigned to them by authors without exposing the online and publishing industry as well as internet users to unbearable legal uncertainty. Voss's former political group colleague, the previous rapporteur of the JURI Committee for the copyright reform Therese Comodini Cachia (EPP, Malta) had already proposed this compromise months ago.

However, Voss has completely blocked this solution so far despite the fact that he himself does not seem to be convinced of his own proposal. This is proven by his statement from earlier this year which could not be more ignorant: "The ancillary copyright may not be the best idea, but it is, I think, the only one we have so far on the table to somehow improve the situation."

Appeal to reason

In the vote on 12 September you, the Members of the European Parliament, must make a decision for Europe and the Europeans. Vote against the ancillary copyright, no matter in what form it is presented to you by the proponents. It will only do harm and will not benefit anyone. Therefore, either vote in favor of completely deleting Article 11 from copyright reform or endorse the presumed solution. Europe will thank you!

 

Voss ignoriert weiterhin Kritik und ist zu keinem Kompromiss bereit   Am 6. September 2018 - 11:52 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Kaum ist die Sommerpause vorbei, steht auf EU-Ebene schon die erste wichtige Abstimmung an. Die Mitglieder des Europäischen Parlaments müssen sich auf eine gemeinsame Position zur geplanten Urheberrechtsreform einigen. Eine zentrale Rolle spielt dabei MdEP Axel Voss (EVP, Deutschland), zuständiger Berichterstatter im Rechtsausschuss, der trotz aller Kritik nicht bereit ist, von seinem Vorschlag abzurücken. Weiter

Introduction of Ancillary Copyright for Press Publishers now a "Question of Life and Death"   Am 31. August 2018 - 18:33 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Before the summer break in Brussels and Strasburg had officially ended, members of the European Parliament got hit by the latest lobbying campaign by press agencies and publishers. With blatant lies and twisted truths they once again called on MEPs to support the widely discussed ancillary copyright for press publishers. Supporting arguments based on actual facts are absent just like they have been in the past.

Last Tuesday, Sammy Ketz, bureau chief in Baghdad for Agence France Press (AFP), wrote the European Parliament an open letter that was subsequently published in several European news outlets (e.g. The Guardian (with a slightly different version) or Der Tagesspiegel). With a lot of pathos and dramatic reports from his work as a journalist in war zones, he turned the discussions about the introduction of an ancillary copyright for press publishers (the link tax) into a "question of life and death".

"They simply have to pay their dues."

The central statement of the letter can be summarized as follows: while press publishers spare no expenses "to deliver a reliable, complete, trusted and diverse news service", internet platforms help themselves to these reports "without paying a cent" but which they will be supposed to do in the future thanks to the link tax. This is how Ketz describes the current situation:

It is as if a stranger came along and shamelessly snatched the fruit of your labour. It is morally and democratically unjustifiable.

Apart from fully ignoring the fact that publishers also benefit from the online platforms' services, such statements are dangerously misleading. They imply that entire articles are copied and pasted en bloc to other websites like Facebook or Google News. But this is not the case especially because this would already be illegal under current copyright regime. We are only talking about the display of short snippets to linked articles. This action does not constitute a copyright infringement and can easily be prevented by publishers with simple technical measures. 

Without a rights violation, Ketz completely misses the point when he writes that publishers are now "asking for their rights to be respected so they can carry on reporting the news". Does he have any idea what he is talking about? According to the office of MEP Julia Reda, Ketz "didn't seem to know much about the details of [the link tax] and how this new neighboring right is supposed to work" when they talked to him ahead of the release of the open letter. And to make matters worse, Ketz has been briefed by the AFP which has already lobbied for the new publishers' right in the past. This looks pretty much like Ketz had been carefully chosen as AFP's representative in order to reach MEPs solely on an emotional level and so that it can be reported about his dramatic letter subsequently. This is far from what a "trusted" news service should look like.

Support from Germany

The open letter has been co-signed by over 100 so-called "leading journalists" from 27 European countries. One of them – without disclosing it – is Caroline Fetscher who leaps to Ketz's defence in her article for the German newspaper Der Tagesspiegel. Coincidentally, she also does not seem to have understood what the link tax is all about. The online video platform YouTube gets labelled as a news aggregator and ancillary copyrights are described as "guidelines to copyright". Whatever that is.

She also wrongfully claims that Google had threatened German publishers to delist them from the search index. What Google had actually done was announcing that it will stop displaying the snippets to articles of certain publisher websites. This was only aimed at those publishers that had already sued Google for licence fees arising from the already existing German link tax. Andreas Mundt, president of the German Federal Cartel Office, had declared this move legal precisely because a total delisting was never on the table and Google just intended to do what publishers demanded: stopping to systematically suck editorial departments dry, as Fetscher calls it.

The revolution consumes its children

Fetscher ends her article with a reference to the high profits Google and Facebook made last year. This reveals what the call for a new right is actually all about: Somehow getting a piece of this cake. It is sadly ironic that on the (alleged) way to their goal publishers leave behind what they insist the platforms' money is needed for: high quality journalism. All articles that fight for the new publishers' right consist of a plethora of skewed and uninformed assertions while they lack profound arguments. Maybe there are none?

We are not against the link tax because we want to damage journalism and undermine the freedom of press. It is quite the opposite! We too want a strong, independent press that informs the people and exposes irregularities. The greed for the profits of US companies has blinded the publishers' eyes. They don't (want) to see the problems that are inherent in an ancillary copyright for press publishers. It is not only the private users that will have to deal with the threatening consequences but also innovative start-ups and especially smaller publishers as they heavily rely on being found via platforms and news aggregators. But this is exactly what the link tax will inevitably prevent. The hoped-for cash flow will never happen anyway.

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Leistungsschutzrecht nun "eine Frage von Leben und Tod"   Am 28. August 2018 - 18:29 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Die Sommerpause ist noch nicht richtig zu Ende, da rollt schon die nächste Lobbykampagne der Presseagenturen und Verlage über die EU-Parlamentarier hinweg. Erneut versuchen sie, mit Lügen und kruden Behauptungen Stimmung für ein Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger zu erzeugen. Sachliche Argumente hingegen sucht man erneut vergeblich. Weiter

Svoboda on link tax: "I do not see any positive consequences for anyone"   Am 7. August 2018 - 11:32 Uhr von Tom Hirche

In July 2017, the European People's Party (EPP) had adopted a joint position that fully endorses the Commission's plan for the introduction of an ancillary copyright for press publishers (link tax). But this has not changed the fact that party members are against this new right and actively try to prevent it. With MEP Svoboda, a very influential one has publicly renewed his criticism. Weiter

JURI report gets rejected by EP majority   Am 5. Juli 2018 - 18:51 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Akteure: Schlagworte: Lizenz: 

It was only two weeks ago, when the JURI Committee had finally adopted its report on the upcoming copyright reform. Today, it was rejected by the majority of the European Parliament that withdrew MEP Axel Voss's negotiation mandate. An important step on the way to prevent the EU from causing severe damage to the free flow of information. Weiter

Deutsche Netzpolitiker appellieren mit Offenem Brief an EP-Abgeordnete   Am 29. Juni 2018 - 17:45 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Eine, wie sie selbst schreibt, "ungewöhnliche Allianz" wendet sich mit einem Offenen Brief an die Abgeordnetinnen und Abgeordneten des Europäischen Parlaments. Darin werden sie von Vertreterinnen und Vertretern parteinaher netzpolitischer Vereine eindringlich gebeten, gegen den Beschluss des JURI-Ausschusses zu stimmen. Weiter

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JURI supports link tax but plenary can still fix copyright   Am 21. Juni 2018 - 17:21 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Last Wednesday on June 20, the European Parliament Committee on Legal Affairs (JURI) voted on the Commission's proposal for a new copyright directive. Unfortunately, the ancillary copyright for press publishers as stipulated in article 11 was adopted with only little suggested changes. But it looks like this has not been the final vote yet. Weiter

JURI has adopted link tax   Am 20. Juni 2018 - 13:11 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Today at 10:48, the JURI Committee of the European Parliament has adopted the compromise amendment of rapporteur MEP Axel Voss (EPP, Germany) concerning article 11 with a 13:12 majority. All amendments calling for its deletion have thus been rejected. Now there is only the plenary of the European Parliament that has the power to overturn the plan of introducing an EU-wide ancillary copyright for press publishers. The fight for a free internet is not over!

Rechtsausschuss hat LSR zugestimmt   Am 20. Juni 2018 - 11:18 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Heute um 10:48 hat der Rechtsausschuss des Europäischen Parlaments (JURI) den Kompromissvorschlag von Berichterstatter MdEP Axel Voss (EVP, Deutschland) bzgl. Artikel 11 mit einer Mehrheit von 13:12 angenommen. All Änderungsvorschläge, die eine Streichung von Artikel 11 bezweckt hatten, wurde damit zurückgewiesen. Nun liegt einzig am Plenum des Europäischen Parlaments, die Pläne zur Einführung eines EU-weiten Leistungsschutzrechts für Presseverleger zu kippen. Der Kampf für ein freies Internet ist noch nicht vorbei!

Sascha Lobo: "Such a nonsense law"   Am 19. Juni 2018 - 12:03 Uhr von Redaktion

With the ancillary copyright, some publishers want to get a digital money printing machine from politicians – soon also at the EU level. How did we come to this? Weiter

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Lobo: Leistungsschutzrecht ist "realitätsfernes Quatschgesetz"   Am 15. Juni 2018 - 10:38 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Jeden Mittwoch erscheint Sascha Lobos Kolumne für SPIEGEL Online, in der er sich ein ums andere Mal mit hochaktuellen digitalpolitischen Themen auseinandersetzt. In seinem jüngsten Text befasst er sich mit den Plänen für ein EU-weites Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger. Lobos Fazit findet sich gleich in der Überschrift: "So ein Quatschgesetz." Weiter

Take a minute to #SaveYourInternet   Am 12. Juni 2018 - 17:23 Uhr von Tom Hirche

In eight days, the Legal Affairs Committee will finally vote on its compromise amendment for the upcoming copyright directive. This will be followed by the whole plenum of the European Parliament voting on a common position. Your and everybody else's internet freedom is at stake. Act now, get in touch with your MEP and #SaveYourInternet. Weiter

Nimm dir nur eine Minute und #SaveYourInternet   Am 12. Juni 2018 - 15:41 Uhr von Tom Hirche

In acht Tagen wird der Rechtsausschuss endlich über seine Änderungsvorschläge für die bevorstehende neue Urheberrechtsrichtlinie abstimmen. Anschließend wird sich das gesamte Plenum des Europäischen Parlaments auf eine gemeinsame Position einigen. Es ist höchste Zeit zu handeln! Melde Dich bei Deinem EU-Abgeordneten und #SaveYourInternet! Weiter

German government is intentionally stalling evaluation process to prevent evidence against publishers' right   Am 11. Juni 2018 - 17:03 Uhr von Tom Hirche

It was on 1 August 2013 when the ancillary copyright for press publishers became effective in Germany. Nearly five years have passed by since then with the promised evaluation of one of the worst laws of the recent past still yet to come. But the German government is intentionally stalling the process. Weiter

Over 100 MEPs sign an open letter against introduction of link tax   Am 7. Juni 2018 - 13:27 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Today, a total of 104 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from across the political groups published an open letter addressing MEP Axel Voss (EPP, Germany) who is the lead Rapporteur on the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market for the Legal Affairs (JURI) Committee. Weiter

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Member States agree on implementation of link tax   Am 29. Mai 2018 - 12:34 Uhr von Tom Hirche

After months of discussions, the Committee of Permanent Representatives of the Council (COREPER) has agreed its common position on the text for the upcoming Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market. This position will serve as a negotiating mandate for the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. Despite all warnings, this mandate also allows for the introduction of an ancillary copyright for press publishers aka the link tax. Weiter

Voss's changes can not cure the rotten root   Am 17. Mai 2018 - 17:03 Uhr von Tom Hirche

The rapporteur of the Legal Affairs Committee (JURI) of the European Parliament, MEP Axel Voss (EPP, Germany) has updated his draft compromise amendment for Article 11, the ancillary copyright for press publishers, pushing for a vote next month. Although the proposed text is now less extreme compared to the first version from seven weeks ago, it fails to tackle the real problem. Weiter

Verlage zahlen weiterhin kräftig drauf   Am 17. Mai 2018 - 10:22 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Laut dem aktuellen Geschäftsbericht der VG Media für 2017 sorgt das Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger weiterhin für fette rote Zahlen. Damit setzt sich die Entwicklung der vergangen Jahre ungebremst fort. Weiter

Open letter: "The EU Copyright Directive is failing" and should be stopped   Am 26. April 2018 - 17:39 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Another open letter has been sent to the members of the European Parliament, this time by academics from 25 leading intellectual property research centres in Europe. They request them to stop the legislation process altogether if it continues to progress in the form proposed by the recent drafts of the Bulgarian Presidency and JURI rapporteur Voss. Weiter

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Nearly 170 academics warn against ancillary copyright for press publishers   Am 25. April 2018 - 12:05 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Another open letter calling for the deletion of Art. 11 of the proposed DSM directive has been sent out to the members of the European Parliament today. It was signed by not less than 169 scholars (and counting) from all over Europe of whom 100 are full professors. Weiter

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Open letter: 59 organisations encourage Axel Voss to delete ancillary copyright from the DSM directive   Am 19. April 2018 - 11:29 Uhr von Tom Hirche

In a couple of weeks, the Legal Committee of the European Parliament (JURI) will release its opinion on the EU Commission’s proposal for a new copyright directive. The responsible rapporteur MEP Axel Voss (EPP, Germany) is currently making his final conversations with the shadow rapporteurs of the other political groups. For this very reason, together with Communia and OpenMedia/Safe-the-Link, we have sent out an open letter that was co-signed by 56 further organisations. Weiter

Open Letter: 59 Organisationen fordern Axel Voss auf, das Leistungsschutzrecht aus der Urheberrechts-Richtlinie zu streichen   Am 19. April 2018 - 9:27 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Der Rechtsausschuss des Europäischen Parlaments wird in wenigen Wochen seine Stellungnahme zum EU-Kommissionsvorschlag für eine neue Urheberrechts-Richtlinie präsentieren. Der zuständige Berichterstatter MdEP Axel Voss (EVP, Deutschland) führt gerade die letzten Gespräche mit den Schattenberichterstattern der anderen Fraktionen . Zusammen mit COMMUNIA und OpenMedia/Safe-the-Link haben wir deshalb einen Open Letter verfasst, dem sich 56 weitere Organisationen angeschlossen haben. Weiter

MEP Voss presents the most extreme proposal for a link tax (so far)   Am 29. März 2018 - 0:11 Uhr von Tom Hirche

We have called the publisher's right as proposed by the EU Commission in September 2016 an "ancillary copyright on steroids" – for good reasons! Now MEP Axel Voss has published his proposal for the European Parliament's position which is so extreme and destructive, not even the Incredible Hulk would dare to pick a fight. Weiter

Kommende Staatsministerin lehnt Leistungsschutzrecht ab   Am 12. März 2018 - 18:40 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Dorothee Bär (CSU) steht als kommende Staatsministerin für Digitales fest und hat sich bereits vorab klar gegen das Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger positioniert. Nicht zum ersten Mal. Weiter

Startup-Verband unterstützt IGEL   Am 28. Februar 2018 - 11:29 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Akteure: Schlagworte: Lizenz: 

Das deutsche Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger stellt eine Markteintrittshürde für Startups dar und verhindert damit die Umsetzung innovativer Ideen. Die Pläne zur Einführung eines EU-weiten Leistungsschutzrechts werden zu demselben Ergebnis führen und den Innovationsstandort EU massiv gefährden. Aus diesem Grund unterstützt der Bundesverband Deutsche Startups e.V. die Initiative gegen ein Leistungsschutzrecht.

Weiter

Voss: "Besser etwas Falsches tun als gar nichts."   Am 22. Februar 2018 - 9:51 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Vor mittlerweile 17 Monaten hat die EU-Kommission ihren Vorschlag für eine neue Urheberrechtsrichtlinie präsentiert. Im Europäischen Parlament, genauer gesagt in dessen Rechtsausschuss, verhandelt man aber immer noch über die eigene Verhandlungsposition. In einem Interview mit Friedhelm Greis für Golem.de hat Verhandlungsführer MEP Axel Voss (EVP) gezeigt, dass er weder Argumente für ein Leistungsschutzrecht noch Ahnung vom Internet hat. Weiter

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Bulgarische Ratspräsidentschaft ignoriert Erfahrungen aus deutschem Leistungsschutzrecht   Am 11. Februar 2018 - 19:11 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Seit dem 1. Januar hat Bulgarien die Präsidentschaft im Europäischen Rat inne. Dort versucht man aktuell, sich auf eine gemeinsame Position zum Vorschlag der EU-Kommission für eine neue Urheberrechtsrichtlinie zu verständigen. Der Kompromiss, den Bulgarien nun in puncto Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger vorgeschlagen hat, ist an Ignoranz kaum zu überbieten. Weiter

Neue Bundesregierung vermeidet klares Bekenntnis zu EU-Leistungsschutzrecht   Am 8. Februar 2018 - 19:55 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Lange hat es gedauert, endlich gibt es einen Koalitionsvertrag. Von einem "Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger" wird darin allerdings nicht gesprochen. Stattdessen gibt es dazu nur vage Aussagen. Weiter

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