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Aktuelles

Stellungnahme des IGEL zur EU-Konsultation zu Leistungsschutzrechten für Verleger   Am 16. Juni 2016 - 10:54 Uhr von Till Kreutzer

Pünktlich vor Ablauf der Konsultationsfrist hat sich der IGEL vehement gegen die Einführung neuer Leistungsschutzrechte für Verleger (Presse- und/oder andere Arten von Verlegern) ausgesprochen. Wir haben eine ausführliche Stellungnahme abgegeben. 

  Weiter

Beware: The “neighbouring right for publishers” is an ancillary copyright on steroids! – To the potential consequences of a general neighbouring right for publishers   Am 15. Juni 2016 - 12:47 Uhr von Till Kreutzer


Today, June 15 2016, the European Commission’s “Public consultation on the role of publishers in the copyright value chain and on the 'panorama exception' (http://ancillarycopyright.eu/news/2016-03-23/commission-launches-public-consultation) ends. It introduces a new euphemism into the debate on publisher’s rights: The “neighbouring right for publishers”. Sounds harmless enough, does it not? Yet, this new angle is far from harmless. On the contrary, this “neighbouring right” is in fact more dangerous than an ancillary copyright for press publishers (AC) alone could ever be. It’s an AC on steroids.Getting rid of the infamous term “ancillary copyright for press publishers” in favour of a more generic “neighbouring right for publishers” is a crafty trick that seeks to distance this new consultation from the fundamentally failed German and Spanish approaches to copyright for press publishers. The re-phrasing aims to make us believe that a “neighbouring right” will not have massive detrimental effects on Internet communication, searching and linking and other key aspects of the digital world.

The truth is this: “Neighbouring rights” and “ancillary rights” are synonymous terms-- so are “related rights” for that matter. All these phrases stand for exclusive rights in – in this case – publications of literary works that are granted to publishers. These rights would form an additional layer of protection on top of the copyright that already protects the publications’ content. The publisher’s right would protect the publication of a work whereas copyright protects its creation. “Neighbouring right for publishers” doesn’t just equal the term “ancillary copyright for press publishers”--it goes far beyond.

Bigger, broader and further-reaching.

The German AC is actually a very narrow (but nefarious) right, applying “only” to the use of text and possibly image thumbnails by aggregation and search services. The Spanish AC is limited to online services  “aggregating” content - news aggregators social media providers and the like. It does not apply to horizontal search engines. However narrow they were, these new rights caused a lot of harm to both the search and the publishing sector and other stakeholders (see about their history in our brochure, http://leistungsschutzrecht.info/sites/default/files/broschuere_zum_lsr_von_igel.pdf).

In contrast, a generic European publisher’s right like the one under consideration by the current consultation stand to cause far more trouble. Of course, its concrete effects would depend on the final drafting. Yet, this extensive approach faces a number of fundamental general concerns that add to the particular concerns against the ancillary copyright for press publishers.

An idea to copyright the Internet?

A generic neighbouring right for publishers could mean that any kind of publisher (at least of literary works) would get an exclusive right to their publications irrespective of the type of publication. That is, unless the European Commission can figure out how a publishing house, a blogger, an active Facebook user or commentator can be precisely distinguished in the definition of a “publisher”.

Those who are familiar with the Internet no doubt realise that “publishing literary works” (in plain language: text or written words) is what we are doing all the time. What we call “writing a blog post”, “posting to Facebook” or “running a website”, is by legal definition “publishing a literary work” and “making it available”.

By that definition, every active Internet user is a “publisher” who could be awarded with an exclusive right for anything he would post online. It all sounds like a golden dream for copyright lawyers and copyright trolls but like a total nightmare for the Internet and its users.

Broader scope = maximum number of victims, maximum legal uncertainty

Such a broad approach would affect far more than just traditional publishers. It would cause the number of licensing transactions that are necessary to inform, communicate, aggregate etc. on the Internet to explode. The negative effects on innovation, free online communication, linking, sharing and social networking would be far worse than those caused by the previous versions of ancillary rights.

Even worse, the new generic publisher’s right would not only exceed the AC of old but also the current scope of copyright itself. To get publishers their claimed share of online search companies’ incomes the right must be applied to even the smallest parts of publications. Single sentences, headlines and paragraphs would be monopolized as a result. The effect would be legal chaos. An impervious thicket of exclusive rights on any published text snippet would be created. Imagine the copyright melee over a headline like “Terror attack in Paris” after it was published once.

This chaos would affect not just online activities, but also anybody who “communicates to the public”, i.e. on TV, radio etc. Even worse, apart from the online services such as social networks, news aggregators, apps etc. literally any Internet user would be affected. This includes bloggers, broadcasters, public institutions, news agencies, public institutions and more. The chilling effects on innovation, communication and information both online and offline are mind-boggling.

A generic neighbouring right restricts the rights of the authors

A neighbouring for publishers would cause significant problems in its relation to the author’s rights. An author owns the copyright in her text. So far it is one basic principles of copyright that she is free to decide, whether she wants to license her work exclusively to one publisher or to split it up. She might license eBook rights exclusively to an online publisher, keep the right to (self) publish a book to herself and use a Creative Commons License for to spread excerpts in order to attract more attention. But what happens if the eBook publisher gets an own right in the text for his first publication? Would the other uses of the author infringe on this right? The problem here is – again – that the scope and subject of the publisher’s right cannot be defined and it cannot be properly distinguished from the subject of the copyright. A text is a text. By publishing it on a website or in an eBook the text does not change.

A generic neighbouring right for publishers undermines the public domain

Currently, once the copyright on a “literary” work expires, 70 years after the author’s death, the text is public domain. It can be used by anybody for any purpose, for example for academic research, publications of museums and libraries or simply for republishing in open access databases like the Gutenberg Project or the Internet Archive. Take the example of public domain of Anne Frank’s diary. It is hotly debated whether and where it becomes public domain (i.e. copyright-free) this year. If book publishers had neighbouring rights, free re-publications of the diary would most likely be impossible. If publisher’s rights were granted the question when the copyright expires would become more or less obsolete. If publisher’s rights were granted for 50 years after the publication an 1999 edition of Anne Frank’s diary would block re-publications until 2050. If another publisher makes a new edition in 2020, this right would expire in 2070. And so on.

The example shows a number of significant issues: Who owns the publisher’s right in Anne Frank’s diary? The first publisher and/or any later publisher? Would any later publisher need to get a license from the first publisher? What would the right exactly protect? The layout of the book, the text itself, the edited version, all of these things…?

Bottom line

A generic neighbouring right for publishers would fundamentally change information and communication practises online and offline. When exclusive rights protect the publication of any text snippet, headline, sentence and paragraph, the legal chaos is absolute. When the publication of any work can cause a new publishing right to accrue, the term restriction and the concept of public domain are nothing but theory anymore. Let’s hope the commission has these factors in mind.

Rainer Kuhlen: "Anreize statt Leistungsschutzrecht"   Am 13. Juni 2016 - 12:06 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Die Konsultation der Europäischen Kommission "zur Rolle der Verleger in der urheberrechtlichen Wertschöpfungskette und der 'Panorama-Ausnahme'" geht am kommenden Mittwoch zu Ende. Damit bleibt noch genügend Zeit, die Fragen der EU zu beantworten. Mit Prof. Dr. Rainer Kuhlen hat sich nun ein weiterer Experte ausdrücklich gegen den Vorschlag der Kommission gewandt, ein europaweites Leistungsschutzrecht für alle Verleger einführen zu wollen. Weiter

Leistungsschutzrecht XXL – Zu den Plänen der Kommission für ein allgemeines verwandtes Schutzrecht für Verleger   Am 10. Juni 2016 - 14:58 Uhr von Till Kreutzer

Am Mittwoch, den 15.6.2016 geht die Konsultation der EU-Kommission „zur Rolle der Verleger in der urheberrechtlichen Wertschöpfungskette und der "Panorama-Ausnahme"“ zu Ende. Sie enthält bewusst vage gehaltene Hinweise, worauf es die Generaldirektion CONNECT unter Digitalkommissar Oettinger abgesehen hat. Diese sind äußerst bedenklich. Eine diesbezügliche Gesetzesinitiative könnte ein neues Leistungsschutzrecht für jede Art Publikation und für ganz Europa mit sich bringen. Ein legislativer Alptraum, der die Probleme, zu denen das deutsche LSR geführt hat, vervielfachen würde. Weiter

Innovators and publishers against ancillary copyright   Am 10. Juni 2016 - 11:39 Uhr von Tom Hirche

There are two new websites (links below) regarding the creation of a new ancillary or neighbouring right for (press) publishers in the EU answering all the relevant questions digital entrepreneurs, startups and publishers might have. The aim is to inform these groups what a negativ impact such a right would have on them and their business. Also provided are two open letters you can sign to sperak out against these rights. The sites are available in English, French, Polish, German, Italian and Spanish. Check them out and spread the word!

Weitere Infos zu dieser News

La Quadrature du Net wants less neighbouring rights   Am 3. Juni 2016 - 13:50 Uhr von Tom Hirche

The NGO La Quadrature du Net that promotes digital rights and freedoms of citizens has positioned itself clearly against a new "publisher's right" the EU Commission is suggesting in its still ongoing consultation on the role of publishers in the copyright value chain and on the 'panorama exception'. Weiter

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Noch mehr Lügen für das Leistungsschutzrecht   Am 3. Juni 2016 - 12:53 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Die in der VG Media organisierten Verlage haben eine Broschüre herausgebracht, mit der sie "Hintergründe und Antworten auf zentrale Fragen" des Leistungsschutzrechts für Presseverleger liefern wollen. Stefan Niggemeier hat unter Mithilfe von IGEL-Gründer Dr. Till Kreutzer die 12 "besten" Lügen herausgesucht und kommentiert. Weiter

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Voices so loud the EU cannot ignore them   Am 14. Mai 2016 - 16:09 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Last Thursday, OpenMedia's Ruth Coustick-Deal met with the MEPs Julia Reda, Marietje Schaake, Vicky Ford, Josef Weidenholzer and Daniel Dalton to deliver all 3737 responses people from all over the EU submitted using the Save the Link survey on the European Commission's public consultation on online platforms. Weiter

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The link is not save, yet!   Am 8. Mai 2016 - 15:56 Uhr von Tom Hirche

The EU Commission's public consultation on the role of publishers in the copyright value chain and on the 'panorama exception' is still running. That gives you the chance to speak up for a free Internet and to prevent the Commisson from proposing an ancillary copyright that will hurt everybody. Weiter

#FixCopyright auf der re:publica   Am 30. April 2016 - 23:06 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Bereits nächste Woche (2.-4. Mai) findet wieder die re:publica statt. Unter den ca. 850 Rednerinnen und Rednern wird auch Caroline de Cock sein. Sie ist Koordinatorin bei Copyright 4 Creativity (C4C) und wird vor Ort am 3. Mai die neue #FixCopyright-Kampagne anstoßen! Weiter

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#FixCopyright at re:publica   Am 26. April 2016 - 22:54 Uhr von Tom Hirche

In less than one week, the annual re:publica will open its gates again. Among the approximately 850 speakers will be Caroline de Cock. She is a Coordinator at Copyright for Creativity (C4C) will kick off the new #FixCopyright campaign! Weiter

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Extending a bad idea does not make it better!   Am 15. April 2016 - 19:20 Uhr von Tom Hirche

On 24th March, the European Commission launched its public consultation on the role of publishers in the copyright value chain and on the 'panorama exception'. Looking at the wording, it provides great insight into the Commission’s plans for the upcoming copyright reform. Weiter

Open letter to EU Commission   Am 8. April 2016 - 14:26 Uhr von Tom Hirche

As a partner of a great coalition we have signed an open letter to members of the European Commission responsible for the digital single market. We demand "an ambitious reform that is fit for purpose in the digital environment and that upholds and strengthens fundamental principles such as the limitation of intermediaries’ liability, rights of citizens to freedom of communication and access to knowledge." Weiter

Weitere Infos zu dieser News

Our brochure is finally here!   Am 7. April 2016 - 1:29 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Akteure: Schlagworte: Lizenz: 

After countless hours of work, the new brochure "The Ancillary Copyright for Press Publishers – Background and Essential Questions" by founder of IGEL Dr. Till Kreutzer is now available. For the moment, it is only in German, but an English version will follow soon. On 32 pages it answers all important questions regarding an ancillary copyright for press publishers. Weiter

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Unsere Broschüre zum LSR ist da!   Am 6. April 2016 - 20:36 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Akteure: Schlagworte: Lizenz: 

Nach unzähligen Arbeitsstunden ist die neue Broschüre "Das Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger – Hintergründe und wesentliche Fragen" von Dr. Till Kreutzer endlich fertig. Verständlich geschrieben beantwortet sie auf 32 Seiten alle wichtigen Fragen zum Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger (LSR). Weiter

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Nutzerbefragung der EU zu europaweitem LSR   Am 27. März 2016 - 19:53 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Akteure: Schlagworte: Lizenz: 

Vergangenen Mittwoch ist die öffentliche Konsultation der Europäischen Kommission zur Rolle der Verleger in der urheberrechtlichen Wertschöpfungskette und der "Panorama-Ausnahme" gestartet. Jeder kann in wenigen Minuten an dieser Online-Umfrage teilnehmen. Geantwortet werde darf in jeder in der EU gesprochenen Amtssprache. Weiter

Weitere Infos zu dieser News

Commission launches public consultation   Am 24. März 2016 - 2:25 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Today, the European Commission has launched its public consultation on the role of publishers in the copyright value chain and on the 'panorama exception'. Everybody is welcomed to take the online survey. Although it is only available in English, French and German you can reply in any EU language.

The survey contains 16 questions on the role of publishers. Primarily, the Commission wants to know if a neighbouring right for publishers would have a positive or negative impact on publishers itself as well as on authors, researchers, online service providers and end-users. Interestingly, the questionnaire distinguishes between a neighbouring right covering publishers in all sectors and one limited to press publishers. Question No. 15 addresses everyone living in a Member State that already has passed an ancillary copyright for publishers asking what impact this right has had on the person questioned. It surely would be interesting to hear which box German press publishers check here...

The consultation period will run until 15th June 2016. Initially, the copyright reform was announced to come in September 2016.  It can be doubted that Commissioner Günther Oettinger will meet this deadline; the analysis will certainly take some time and the final draft should consider all opinions submitted.

The Commission is asking for it, so go tell them what you think of an ancillary copyright for (press) publishers!

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Leistungsschutzrecht vor Landgericht Berlin (Update)   Am 19. Februar 2016 - 17:22 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Heute war es so weit. Vertreter Googles und verschiedener deutscher Verlage standen sich zum ersten Mal vor Gericht gegenüber, um dort ihren Streit über das Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger weiter auszutragen. Dass den klagenden Verlegern die nächste Schlappe bevorstehe, stellte der vorsitzende Richter der Kartellkammer am Landgericht Berlin sehr früh klar: Nach interner Beratung tendiere man dazu, die Klage abzuweisen. Weiter

VG Media reicht weitere Klage gegen Google ein   Am 7. Januar 2016 - 8:48 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Wenig überraschend hat die VG Media nun (eine weitere) Klage gegen Google eingereicht. Im September 2015 hatte die Schiedsstelle des Deutschen Patent- und Markenamts einen Einigungsvorschlag unterbreitet. Doch dem hatten beide Seiten schnell widersprochen. Nun wird der Streit auf der nächst höheren juristischen Ebene ausgetragen. Weiter

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MEPs sign Open Letter to Commission   Am 18. Dezember 2015 - 12:11 Uhr von Tom Hirche

A cross-party coalition formed by over 80 MEPs has written an Open Letter to President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker, to European Commissioner for Digital Single Market Andrus Ansip as well as to European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society Günther Oettinger. They are "deeply concerned about the Commission's Communication 'Towards a modern, more European copyright framework'". Weiter

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Der geeignete Zeitpunkt für eine Evaluation kam noch nicht   Am 18. Dezember 2015 - 8:50 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Ende November reichte die Bundestagsfraktion der Grünen eine Kleine Anfrage bei der Bundesregierung ein (BT-Drs 18/6853). Es geht um die bereits vor Monaten angekündigte und im Koalitionsvertrag vereinbarte "ergebnisoffene" Evaluation des Leistungsschutzrechts für Presseverleger. Die nun veröffentlichte Antwort ist ernüchternd. Weiter

EU Commission releases final version of its Copyright Communication   Am 9. Dezember 2015 - 15:02 Uhr von Till Kreutzer

Lizenz: 

Today, the Commission’s published its action plan on copyright in the Digital Age “Towards a modern, more European copyright framework” (PDF). Compared to the leaked draft paper the final version contains quite a few but significant changes. Especially with regard to the ancillary copyright. Weiter

Go to YouCan.FixCopyright.eu!   Am 7. Dezember 2015 - 9:38 Uhr von Tom Hirche

In late September, the EU Commission has initiated its public consultation on online platforms. To encourage everybody to speak his/her mind, there now is (another) online tool that facilitates the process of submitting your opinion to the Commission. Weiter

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European publishers against European AC   Am 7. Dezember 2015 - 9:31 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Several Open Letters have reached the EU Commissioners while they conduct their public consultation on the role of online platforms. The most recent originates from a group of various European publishers who speak out against an ancillary copyright for press publishers. Weiter

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Europäische Presseverlage gegen europäisches Leistungsschutzrecht   Am 7. Dezember 2015 - 8:33 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Einige Open Letter haben die Europäische Kommission erreicht, während diese gerade ihre öffentliche Konsultation bzgl. der Rolle von Online-Plattformen durchführt. Der aktuellste Brief kommt von einer Gruppe verschiedener europäischer Verlage, die sich gegen ein Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger aussprechen. Weiter

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Open Letter to EC and EP (UPDATE)   Am 25. November 2015 - 19:41 Uhr von Tom Hirche

As part of a large coalition we have co-signed two open letters addressed to the European Commission as well as the European Parliament informing them about our concerns regarding the Commission's approach on copyright affairs. Weiter

No link tax, says Ansip   Am 23. November 2015 - 14:44 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Akteure: Schlagworte: Lizenz: 

David Meyer from POLITICO reports that the EU Commission does not plan on creating new legislation giving press publishers the right to claim licensing fees from news aggregators. Weiter

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Tell the Commission and save the link!   Am 19. November 2015 - 15:26 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Civil society and digital rights groups are sounding the alarm about a public consultation run by the European Commission on the role of online platforms, the result of which could be new copyright rules that would effectively shut down people’s right to freely link online. The 75,000-strong Save The Link network has created an Internet Voice Tool to send feedback to the Commission as part of their consultation. Weiter

Sagt es der Kommission und rettet den Link!   Am 19. November 2015 - 14:13 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Vor einigen Wochen hat die EU Kommission ein öffentliches Konsultationsverfahren gestartet, um die Rolle und den Einfluss von Online-Plattformen zu untersuchen. Die Konsultation dient u.a. dazu, die Notwendigkeit eines europäischen Leistungsschutzrechts für Presseverleger zu prüfen. Das Netzwerk Save The Link, dem wir angehören, hat jetzt ein praktisches Tool veröffentlicht, damit jeder auf einfache Weise sein Feedback an die Kommission übermitteln kann. Weiter

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EU Commission thinks about attacking the link directly   Am 9. November 2015 - 16:49 Uhr von Tom Hirche

The Blog IPKat leaked a draft communication on copyright reform from the European Commission "towards a modern, more European copyright framework". Alongside some positive approaches on how to reform the European copyright law, it contains the threat of changing the web as we know it today by directly attacking the hyperlink. Weiter