Kategorie EU

"Das ist jetzt ein Witz oder??"  Am 30. September 2016 - 11:30 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Publikationsdatum 30.09.2016 ~ Art des Materials: Akteure: Schlagworte: Soziales System: Lizenz: 

Es ist immer erfreulich, wenn sich ein Politiker der öffentlichen Diskussion stellt. Gestern Abend hat EU-Digitalkommissar Günther Oettinger auf Twitter versucht, sein geplantes Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger zu verteidigen. Was er da jedoch von sich gab, lässt einen nur noch verzweifeln.

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Niggemeier: Propaganda statt Journalismus  Am 28. September 2016 - 18:05 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Publikationsdatum 28.09.2016 ~ Art des Materials: Akteure: Schlagworte: Soziales System: Lizenz: 

EU-Digitalkommissar Günther Oettinger hat auf dem Jahreskongress des Bundesverbands Deutscher Presseverleger die Anwesenden dazu aufgefordert, gegen die Kritik ihrer Online-Redaktionen am Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger vorzugehen. Der Medienkritiker und Journalist Stefan Niggemeier findet das bestürzend, wenn kritische Journalisten auf Linie gebracht werden sollen.

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Oettinger: Bringt die Online-Redaktionen zum Schweigen!   Am 28. September 2016 - 8:43 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Publikationsdatum 28.09.2016 ~ Art des Materials: Akteure: Schlagworte: Soziales System: Lizenz: 

EU-Digitalkommissar Günther Oettinger trat am vergangenen Montag als Redner auf dem Jahreskongress des Bundesverbands Deutscher Zeitungsverleger (BDZV) auf. Dort hat er die Verlagshäuser ausdrücklich aufgefordert, mehr Stimmung für das geplante europ. Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger zu machen.

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Oettinger seems confident  Am 5. Mai 2015 - 12:33 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Publikationsdatum 05.05.2015 ~ Art des Materials: Akteure: Schlagworte: Soziales System: Lizenz: 

Last week, Markus Keßler from Futurezone.at interviewed EU-Commissioner Günther Oettinger. Besides geoblocking, net neutrality and data preservation, the ancillary copyright for press publishers was also a topic on the list.

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Oettinger gibt sich zuversichtlich  Am 5. Mai 2015 - 11:05 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Publikationsdatum 05.05.2015 ~ Art des Materials: Akteure: Schlagworte: Soziales System: Lizenz: 

Vergangene Woche hat Markus Keßler von Futurezone.at am Rande des Europa Forums in Lech ein Interview mit EU-Kommissar Günther Oettinger geführt. Neben Geoblocking, Netzneutralität und Vorratsdatenspeicherung ging es auch um ein Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger.

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Oettinger wants EU-wide ancillary copyright for press publishers  Am 31. März 2015 - 20:15 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Publikationsdatum 31.03.2015 ~ Art des Materials: Akteure: Schlagworte: Soziales System: Lizenz: 

Günther Oettinger, the European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society, had a talk with Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (F.A.Z.) about his approach on reforming European copyright. Among numerous other things, Oettinger also commented on an ancillary copyright for press publishers in the EU.

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Other EU Committees mostly agree with Reda's report  Am 17. Februar 2015 - 20:48 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Publikationsdatum 17.02.2015 ~ Art des Materials: Akteure: Schlagworte: Soziales System: Lizenz: 

On January 20, Julia RedaMEP for the German Pirate Party and Vice President of the Greens/EFA group, presented the draft report evaluating 2001's EU copyright directive (InfoSoc) to the Committee on Legal Affairs of the European Parliament. Now the other committees connected to this subject have published their opinion on this report.

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Julia Reda publishes draft report for new EU copyright  Am 20. Januar 2015 - 19:28 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Publikationsdatum 20.01.2015 ~ Art des Materials: Akteure: Schlagworte: Soziales System: Lizenz: 

Julia Reda, MEP for the German Pirate Party and Vice President of the Greens/EFA group, has released its draft report evaluating 2001's EU copyright directive (InfoSoc). She is a member of the Committee on Legal Affairs of the EU Parliament and was elected rapporteur on this particular issue in May.

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European Copyright Society calls for unified European Copyright Law  Am 8. Januar 2015 - 12:39 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Publikationsdatum 08.01.2015 ~ Art des Materials: Akteure: Schlagworte: Soziales System: Lizenz: 

In a now published letter to Günther Oettinger, European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society, the European Copyright Society (ECS) calls for a sweeping reform of copyright.

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EU-Kommission stellt sich hinter Leistungsschutzrecht  Am 5. November 2013 - 19:40 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Publikationsdatum 01.11.2013 ~ Art des Materials: Akteure: Schlagworte: Soziales System: Lizenz: 

Till Kreutzer deckt in seinem Artikel für "The European" erhebliche Gemeinsamkeiten in der Argumentation der Verlage und der EU-Kommission auf. Letztere teilte im April 2013 Google mit, dass manche Geschäftspraktiken des Unternehmens die Wettbewerbsregeln der EU verletzten.

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Press release on German ancillary copyright for media publishers  Am 13. November 2012 - 9:53 Uhr von David Pachali

Publikationsdatum 12.11.2012 ~ Art des Materials: Akteure: Schlagworte: Soziales System: Lizenz: 

Das europäische Urheberrechtsbündnis ENCES (European Network for Copyright in Support of Education and Science) hat sich in einer Erklärung gegen das Presse-Leistungsschutzrecht gewandt. Es sei eine Hürde für den freien Informationsaustausch, erschwere das Auffinden und Verwenden journalistischer Informationen und drohe, auch das Indexieren und Katalogisieren in Kulturinstitutionen zu erschweren. Weiter

Rede von Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel anlässlich des Zeitungskongresses des Bundesverbandes Deutscher Zeitungsverleger e.V.  Am 21. September 2011 - 9:46 Uhr von Redaktion

Auf den Seiten der Bundesregierung ist die Rede Angela Merkels beim diesjährigen BDZV-Zeitungskongress veröffentlicht. Ein Presse-Leistungsschutzrecht habe man „nicht vergessen”. Es werde vorangetrieben, möglicherweise auch europäisch. Unabhängig von seiner – in der Rede nicht weiter konkretisierten – möglichen Ausgestaltung sei es kein Allheilmittel. Weiter

How Article 17 of the EU Copyright Directive threatens Let's Play and Walkthrough Culture   Am 29. August 2019 - 17:28 Uhr von Till Kreutzer

Article 17 of the new EU Copyright Directive tightens the liability of platform providers such as Youtube. Creative content from legal grey areas might disappear from the net. This especially applies to gaming videos such as Let's Plays or Walkthroughs.

In recent years, the Let's Play and Walkthrough Video genre has developed into a very special fan culture of the gaming scene. The creators reach and entertain not only a niche audience with their commented game and explanatory videos but millions of viewers by now. Their channels and broadcasts on major platforms for user-generated content, such as Youtube, are literally popular and can be regarded as contemporary pop culture.

This is all the more astonishing since Let's Play and Walkthrough Videos focus on content that creators usually don't have permission to distribute. Rather, they can in most cases rely on the fact that their videos are not only accepted by many rights holders, the game publishers, but also welcomed as advertising. But the new EU Copyright Directive could soon put an abrupt end to this practice that has worked so far.

Changes due to the Copyright Directive

Article 17 (formerly Article 13) of the Directive requires member states to hold platform providers directly liable for copyright infringements committed by their users. So far, operators such as Youtube and others have only been obliged to block or delete content when rights owners report it as illegal (also known as "notice-and-take-down").

The new, direct (primary) liability immensely increases the liability risk for platforms: from now on they are directly liable as soon as an illegal content is uploaded. From that moment on, rights holders can claim damages or injunctive relief. It is even possible that the platform operators may make themselves liable to criminal prosecution. Accordingly, they must check the contents before publication and - if identified as illegal - block them.

Licensing as a "solution ", upload filter as a subsequent problem

Since manual examination and checking of all user uploads will not be possible, especially with large platforms, they will have to use technical systems for this purpose. Inevitably, the infamous and problematic upload filters – algorithms designed to detect illegal uploads – will be used across the board.

Since this is allegedly not desired, the directive gives priority to licenses. It requires the platforms to make every effort to obtain the necessary rights for all user uploads that are subject to copyright. It should be noted that these rights must have been obtained before the publication takes place, otherwise warnings, lawsuits and damages may emerge from the very first moment.

However, a comprehensive, preventive rights clearing is impossible. On the one hand, it would require the platform provider to foresee what content its users could upload. Given the amount of uploads, this is an impossibility. On the other hand, many rights can practically not be licensed at all. This applies, among other things, to content for which there are no central institutions where all necessary rights can be cleared (such as collecting societies). This is not only the case for game content, but also for texts, films and photos.

In order to license all conceivable rights to such content, the platform provider would have to conclude individual contracts with thousands, perhaps millions of authors and rights holders. And even if this effort could be made, there would be countless cases where the rights could not be obtained. For example, because it is not clear who owns the rights; or because the rights holders no longer exist, which is often the case in the games industry; or because the rights holders cannot be found and so on. In other words, the comprehensive licensing of user content on platforms is a myth.

The result is this: The controversial upload filters are unavoidable. What they cannot recognize as licensed or at least clearly as legitimate, they will block or delete.

Let's Play: Illegal but tolerated content

As mentioned at the beginning, the publication of Let's Play and Walkthrough Videos by platform users usually violates the copyright of the game publisher. This will not change after the directive has been implemented. The EU legislator has failed to provide for a new exception that would legalise such user content.

But so far this has not been a big problem for the scene. Game publishers usually do not take action against the publication. And since under current law the platforms only have to react when the rights holder complains, the content generally remains online and is tolerated. This benefits everyone, including and especially publishers. They understand that such videos are free advertising and that an active fan culture can boost demand enormously. Deletion waves like the one in 2013 are rare.

However, game videos still get blocked or deleted from time to time. This shows that tacit acquiescence is not legally binding. Many publishers have publicly announced this tolerance in one form or another (see, for example, the information on the behaviour of individual publishers in a fandom wiki).

Legally relevant and binding "declarations of acquiescence", such as Electronic Arts, or references in the terms of use are rare exceptions. Tacit acquiescence is the general case. Usually, companies declare their intention not to take any action against such content with non-binding statements in forums, on Twitter, Facebook or other public sources. But statements like these have no legal effect and can be withdrawn at any time. In other words: they are not a license, i.e. no legally binding permission to use, neither for the creators of game videos nor for the platform providers.

Upload filters and Let's Play Videos

Hence, neither users nor platform providers normally have licenses to use games content in Let's Play or Walkthrough Videos. In view of the abundance of publishers and individual rights and the fact that there are no collecting societies for such rights, this will never be the case on a large scale.

Due to the considerable increase in liability resulting from Article 17 of the EU Copyright Directive, platform providers will have no choice but to block such content. Only then can they protect themselves against claims for damages that arise at the time of publication. The non-binding declarations of acquiescence and the previous practice of acquiescence by publishers do not protect them.

Accordingly, the upload filters will not allow such content to pass. Their automated sample comparisons and verification algorithms check the legal status of user uploads to see whether they are legal or illegal. They cannot judge whether content is illegal but tolerated. As a result, huge amounts of Let's Play and Walkthrough content could be blocked or deleted, many creators could close their channels preventively. This would mean that this special, globally popular fan culture would almost disappear.

Possible solution

Although national legislators cannot completely avoid this horror scenario, they can ease it when transposing the Directive into their national laws. They could promote centralised licensing solutions and flat-rate licences. It could also be envisaged that platform providers would only have to clarify rights if this is practically possible and reasonable.

Only when transposed into national law it will be made clear what exactly is meant by "all efforts" which, according to Article 17, must be made by the platforms to obtain all necessary rights rights. If legislators define these requirements very extensively, this will lead to an extension of filtering. If, on the other hand, they formulate them with attention and as precisely as possible, this reduces the platforms' pressure to filter.

tl;dr

Article 17 can cause a great deal of user content to disappear from the Internet, which today is illegal but enriches the Internet with the tolerance of the rights holders. Game videos are used here as an example to describe how universally damaging the transposition of article 17 can become: The rights holders could lose the advertising effect of the popular fan culture, the creators would not no longer be able to publish their content, the users could no longer watch it.

- This article was first published in German at iRights. Translation Tom Hirche. - 

Wie Artikel 17 der EU-Urheberrechtsrichtlinie die Let's Play- und Walkthrough-Kultur bedroht   Am 29. August 2019 - 11:53 Uhr von Till Kreutzer

Artikel 17 der neuen EU-Urheberrechtsrichtlinie verschärft die Haftung von Plattformanbietern wie Youtube. Viele kreative Inhalte aus rechtlichen Grauzonen drohen dadurch aus dem Netz zu verschwinden. Das betrifft auch und vor allem Gaming-Videos wie Let’s Plays oder Walkthroughs. Weiter

Introduction of Ancillary Copyright for Press Publishers now a "Question of Life and Death"   Am 31. August 2018 - 18:33 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Before the summer break in Brussels and Strasburg had officially ended, members of the European Parliament got hit by the latest lobbying campaign by press agencies and publishers. With blatant lies and twisted truths they once again called on MEPs to support the widely discussed ancillary copyright for press publishers. Supporting arguments based on actual facts are absent just like they have been in the past. Weiter

Weitere Infos zu dieser News

Leistungsschutzrecht nun "eine Frage von Leben und Tod"   Am 28. August 2018 - 18:29 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Die Sommerpause ist noch nicht richtig zu Ende, da rollt schon die nächste Lobbykampagne der Presseagenturen und Verlage über die EU-Parlamentarier hinweg. Erneut versuchen sie, mit Lügen und kruden Behauptungen Stimmung für ein Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger zu erzeugen. Sachliche Argumente hingegen sucht man erneut vergeblich. Weiter

German government is intentionally stalling evaluation process to prevent evidence against publishers' right   Am 11. Juni 2018 - 17:03 Uhr von Tom Hirche

It was on 1 August 2013 when the ancillary copyright for press publishers became effective in Germany. Nearly five years have passed by since then with the promised evaluation of one of the worst laws of the recent past still yet to come. But the German government is intentionally stalling the process. Weiter

Open letter: 59 organisations encourage Axel Voss to delete ancillary copyright from the DSM directive   Am 19. April 2018 - 11:29 Uhr von Tom Hirche

In a couple of weeks, the Legal Committee of the European Parliament (JURI) will release its opinion on the EU Commission’s proposal for a new copyright directive. The responsible rapporteur MEP Axel Voss (EPP, Germany) is currently making his final conversations with the shadow rapporteurs of the other political groups. For this very reason, together with Communia and OpenMedia/Safe-the-Link, we have sent out an open letter that was co-signed by 56 further organisations. Weiter

Open Letter: 59 Organisationen fordern Axel Voss auf, das Leistungsschutzrecht aus der Urheberrechts-Richtlinie zu streichen   Am 19. April 2018 - 9:27 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Der Rechtsausschuss des Europäischen Parlaments wird in wenigen Wochen seine Stellungnahme zum EU-Kommissionsvorschlag für eine neue Urheberrechts-Richtlinie präsentieren. Der zuständige Berichterstatter MdEP Axel Voss (EVP, Deutschland) führt gerade die letzten Gespräche mit den Schattenberichterstattern der anderen Fraktionen . Zusammen mit COMMUNIA und OpenMedia/Safe-the-Link haben wir deshalb einen Open Letter verfasst, dem sich 56 weitere Organisationen angeschlossen haben. Weiter

"Wenn das Leistungsschutzrecht kommt, wäre das Internet tot."   Am 14. Januar 2018 - 18:08 Uhr von Tom Hirche

Die Nachrichtensendung "Arte Journal" hat sich vergangenen Freitag in einem prägnanten Beitrag mit den EU-Plänen für ein Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverleger auseinandergesetzt. Dafür wurde u.a. Dr. Till Kreutzer von IGEL interviewt. Der Beitrag ist jetzt online verfügbar. Weiter